RES trends for 2019: Big Data, blockchain, IoT and smart city

The current year will be dominated by trends related to new technologies. As Schneider Electric CEO for Central and Eastern Europe Jacek Łukaszewski indicated, 2019 will be dominated by Big Data, Blockchain, Internet of Things and renewable energy sources.

Last year, record electricity consumption was recorded in Poland. For the first time, consumption was over 170 TWh per year. It was also linked to the increase in energy imports from abroad. At the same time, 2018 was marked by the emergence of zero-emission buildings and other modern technologies that will be popularized continuously.

2018 has been a year of discussions and activities devoted to solving the real problem of climate change. The prognosis leaves no illusions. We are currently at a turning point to limit global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius, which will allow us to avoid a major environmental catastrophe. – said Lukaszewski.

Another major challenge is urbanization. By 2050, the total urban population is expected to increase by 2.5 billion people to around 6.7 billion. This increase will result in an increase in the percentage of urbanization from the current 55% to 68% in about 30 years. 90% of this growth will be recorded in developing countries – Africa and Asia.

As urbanization continues and the population grows, 50 billion new devices need to be connected to the network over the next five years. In addition, industrial energy demand is expected to grow by at least 50% over the next 35 years.

We also observe these phenomena in our backyard. Last year, record electricity consumption was recorded in Poland – it crossed the level of 170 TWh for the first time. National sources are unable to respond to this request. The solution to this problem is, among other things, to increase the energy efficiency of industry and construction in order to use the available energy more efficiently. The implementation of this objective can follow the three trends presented below.

Digital technologies (Big Data, Blockchain and IoT)

Last year showed that Big Data technologies are increasingly used by companies also in Poland. This sector will experience dynamic growth this year. – Along with the development of Big Data, data science will begin to play an increasingly important role, i.e. an even more specialized method of collecting, analyzing, segmenting and interpreting data based on on the Internet Reczy, and not only in production and logistics processes. Analyzing huge datasets within an ecosystem is the basis for unlocking the enormous potential of the energy sector – Łukaszewski explains.

The sources of the analyzed data can be houses, industrial installations and energy networks. Communication between them and with computer systems will ensure the optimization of energy flow in the network. This will increase the efficiency of using the available generation volume and stabilize the transmission network in the country.

According to MRC analysts, the global data science market is expected to grow by 36% per year for at least the next three years. In 2022, the value of this sector could reach almost 130 billion dollars. Other modern technologies also have their place in the energy sector. As the head of the Schneider subsidiary points out: – A good example is the implementation of blockchain technology by the largest energy companies, including Poland. This scattered block ledger should facilitate and automate a number of processes: from prosumer billing, through electricity supply management, to tracking energy sources.

This sector is complemented by data collection systems – a whole range of tools related to Internet of Things (IoT) systems. Distributed sensor systems, etc. are already seen by companies as a potential source of benefits. Already 23% of companies globally plan to use IoT systems in the next 6 months, and around 70% of executives see the business value of IoT systems.

Smart cities and smart buildings

Already, buildings consume more than half of all the electricity used in the world. In 20 years, this level may reach 90%. This is why the use of smart and energy-efficient buildings is so important. Estimates show that this type of building can consume around 80% less energy than traditional solutions.

According to data from the European Commission, buildings are responsible for 40% of energy consumption in the EU, and ¾ of this energy is used inefficiently. Reducing energy consumption in buildings by increasing the energy efficiency of building systems is currently the cheapest way to reduce energy consumption in the economy and, therefore, reduce emissions.

As with smart buildings, whole smart city concepts are being created. The tendency to introduce Smart City solutions is to improve the quality of life. This year, solutions in this area are to be intensively developed. – The first results and examples of implementation of this type of project are already behind us. There are already zero-emission buildings around the world that produce as much energy as they consume – said Lukaszewski. – 2019 will be marked by the popularization and intensive implementation of this type of solutions also in Poland. On the Vistula, energy efficiency and smart city solutions have been implemented so far by large international companies.

Efficient renewable energy

The last important trend for 2019 concerns renewable energies, especially in Poland. In 2018, 171 TWh of electricity was consumed on the Vistula, which is 1.7% more than the previous year. Of these, 5.7 TWh were imported, breaking the 30-year record.

Forecasts indicate that in the coming years there will be a growing shortage of capacity – in 2023 up to 1 GW and in 2035 up to 13 GW, as indicated by Polskie Sieci Elektroenergetyczne (PSE). Green regulations to reduce CO emissions will also increasingly affect insufficient production2 economy. Our country is committed to reducing its emissions by 20% by 2020. As the director of the Schneider subsidiary in Poland points out, it will be necessary to manage energy consumption more flexibly to meet the increase in demand. .

RES is to significantly help meet the demand for electricity. In the years to come, these sources will co-exist more and more closely with fossil fuel systems, etc. They compete for a share of the energy mix, but it is estimated that by 2030 photovoltaic systems and energy storage will make up around 50% of the whole. new installations in the network. .

More than 500 GW of photovoltaic systems have already been installed worldwide. Bloomberg estimates that last year broke a record for the amount of new capacity installed worldwide – a total of 109 GW. This year could fall another – analysts estimate the number of new photovoltaic installations in the world at 141 GW.

The wind sector is not doing any worse. As the Polish Wind Energy Association indicates, wind turbines will soon become not only a greener alternative, but also a cheaper alternative to conventional electricity sources. Proof of this, perhaps, are the results of the auction last November, when energy prices did not exceed 200 PLN / MWh. In the case, for example, of coal-fired units, the cost is 350 PLN / MWh, not to mention the environmental costs associated with the emission of carbon dioxide.

source: wnp.pl

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