Thanks to the deposits of locally available energy resources, among others, state-owned coal-fired power plants, which have made it possible to strengthen the energy independence of our country for years to come. Currently, we are facing the implementation of the decarbonization program of energy production in Poland, which must contribute to achieving climate neutrality. However, decarbonization is a complex and time-consuming process, so it takes time to completely shift away from carbon.
– Don’t forget to be sovereign and secure when it comes to energy, we must rely on the best available fuels. In Poland, it is hard coal and lignite. Let’s not forget that it is the most widespread fuel and that its consumption is decreasing year by year as it is replaced by renewable sources. However, in order to ensure stability and energy security, in this difficult period of transition, we must rely on the most available fuels. There is no turning back on the path to decarbonization and transformation of the energy sector. This is what we all want, we, as industry and companies, and our customers expect from us – says Wojciech Dąbrowski, Chairman of the Board of PGE Polska Grupa Energetyczna SA
– Coal power plants should be replaced naturally by nuclear energy, but in the meantime we should use coal, because it is the most available fuel. At the same time, we need to build renewable sources at an accelerated pace, Dąbrowski said.
It is certain that the transformation of the energy sector in Poland has already begun. The PGE Group has declared its desire to switch completely to the production of energy using zero-emission technologies. The decarbonisation of the heat sector and investments focused on the construction of renewable capacities must contribute to reducing the intensity of the emissions of the PGE Group. These activities must achieve climate neutrality by 2050, so the PGE Group will only supply its customers with green energy in less than 30 years.
Wind power strengthens energy independence
Offshore and onshore wind energy as well as solar energy are clean energies whose production does not depend on the price of fuel or the geopolitical situation. Faced with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, we understand once again how important it is to develop clean energy production and energy independence, in this case to free ourselves from the importation of hydrocarbons by originating from Russia.
The installed capacity of wind farms in Poland at the end of April 2021 was around 7 GW according to data from the Energy Market Agency. In April 2022, the PGE Group signed a conditional agreement for the purchase of onshore wind farms with a total capacity of 84.2 MW. Thus, the production capacity of this technology will increase by 12% (to more than 770 MW). The PGE Group will thus remain the leader in the production of energy from renewable sources, whose market share will be 11% of the installed capacity of wind farms in Poland.
PGE also invests in distribution networks whose operational reliability is crucial to ensure energy security:
– We are also a major investor in the electricity distribution sector. Let’s not forget that this energy must not only be produced somewhere, but also be transferred. For this you need to build a safe distribution network “- emphasizes Dąbrowski
PGE also invests in large-scale energy storage. The strategic objective of the PGE Group is to have warehouses with a capacity of 800 MW by 2030: – If Poland wants to be one of the leaders in the energy transformation and to implement it in a coherent way, we We also need to articulate it in international forums that plan for the construction of large-scale energy storages are necessary, because it is not talked about in the European Union. I think that’s a challenge for us right now. We are talking about huge sums, hundreds of billions of zlotys for the coming years necessary for the transformation of the energy sector – notes Wojciech Dąbrowski.
More efficient offshore wind farms
According to the Polish energy policy until 2040, the installed capacity of offshore energy in the Baltic Sea is to reach 5.9 GW by 2030. The result will be the construction of the largest offshore wind farm in the Polish exclusive economic zone of a capacity of 2.5 GW. GW, which will be created through the cooperation between PGE and Ørsted. Offshore wind farms are much more efficient than most onshore wind farms in Poland. The 2.5 GW capacity of the offshore wind farms will supply electricity to nearly 4 million homes. Another project, with a capacity of about 1 GW, is in the stage of active preparations, which will be commissioned in the early 1930s.
The second phase of offshore energy development in Poland assumes that the installed capacity of offshore wind farms will reach 11 GW. The PGE Group has already submitted eight applications for permits awarded in this phase. The long-term strategic objective of the PGE Group until 2040 is the construction of wind farms with a capacity of at least 6.5 GW. Currently, facilities with a capacity of 3.5 GW are in the investment phase. This is to help achieve the supposed goal, among other cooperation with the Polish energy companies Enea and Tauron.
Geothermal springs are becoming increasingly popular
Geothermal energy is a zero-emission heat source, the prices of which do not depend on the variable costs of raw materials and emission rights, which makes it possible to provide attractive and stable prices for the heat supplied to households in the long term. Geothermal sources increase the security of heat supply for the inhabitants by diversifying production units in district heating resources. The rising prices of raw materials and the directions of their acquisition prove that other possibilities for the production of electricity and heat must be created. The Polish economy, including energy and heating, must become independent of external resources, especially those imported from beyond our eastern border.
The energy transformation is visible today. Another geothermal power plant in Poland is to be built in Szczecin, which will use the heat from thermal waters coming from the interior of the earth. PGE and Geotermia Polska plan to create a joint ad hoc vehicle for this purpose. The boiler room must reach a capacity of 20 MWt, which will cover 25% of the hot water demand of the right bank part of the city outside the heating season. This investment is another green step, second only to the Elektrociepłownia Szczecin biomass owned by the PGE Group, on the way to emission-free heat production in the city based on local renewable and clean energy resources.
The energy of the sun
The PGE Group provides clean energy in the form of photovoltaics, the installed capacity of which should reach 200 MW this year. At the beginning of April, a tender procedure was launched for the construction of the Jeziórko PV plant. Thanks to this investment, one of the largest photovoltaic farms in our country with an installed capacity of 153 MW will be built.
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