The number of divorces in Poland. Has it increased since the outbreak of the pandemic?

According to data from more than 40 district courts, in the first quarter of this year. they received a total of nearly 19.9 thousand. divorce applications, which is almost the same as the previous year. As experts predict, we are unlikely to face a scourge of divorces in the coming years, as some market pundits have previously predicted. Their number will even decrease as marriages contract less and less. The next reason is, unfortunately, the economy.

The number of divorces in Poland in 2022

Data obtained from 46 district courts show that from the beginning of January to the end of March 2022, almost 19.9 thousand zlotys were received by them. divorce trial. This is almost the same as the same period last year, when 19,873 were recorded. In turn, comparing the data of this year and recorded at the beginning of 2020 (almost 19.3 thousand), we can see an increase of just over 3%. However, compared to the first three months of 2019 (more than 21.5 thousand), the last there was a drop of almost 8%.

– Deviations from the previous three years are very small. And they do not reflect the scale of failed marriages in Poland, which was predicted last year in about the new experiences of couples confined to their homes due to the pandemic. Today, many spouses go through crises postpones prosecution for economic reasonsincluding eg. jointly repaid and growing mortgages. In addition, a significant proportion of people are concerned court filing costs. We must not forget that over the past two years, some people Poles lost their businesses and they had to find new ideas for life, for example. And that’s what they focused their attention on, putting aside personal matters – says legal adviser Małgorzata Sokołowska, specializing in family cases.

As Michał Pajdak from the e-Psycholodzy platform notes, co-contracting of mortgage loansincluding several million in Poland, perhaps limit decision-making on divorces. Last year, there were 2.5 million active loan contracts, according to the expert. And he adds that it is more difficult to obtain a mortgage alone, and even rent an apartment at rising rental prices. That is why, unfortunately, some people still decide to choose a life partner under the pressure of economic reasons and social demands.

– There are still few Poles who come for legal advice on divorce who work on personal relationships beforehand, for example by family therapy or mediationby investing in link repair. Nevertheless, I have the impression that the number of people who, through widely available workshops, webinars and online courses or dynamically developing online support groups, individually deepen their knowledge of the causes of crises in relationships, recognizing the situation in which they find themselves, grows. However, one can expect that To a large extent, it is economic considerations, and not the will to develop by cultivating proximity, which inhibit the number of lawsuits – adds Małgorzata Sokołowska, lawyer.

Fewer divorces, because fewer marriages

On the other hand, Michał Pajdak points out that successively the number of marriages in Poland is falling. However, the number of divorce applications remains at a similar level year on year. What else, the age of people getting married is increasing. The choice of a life partner must therefore be matured, but this is not always the case. Percentage of births outside marriage is steadily increasing. According to the expert, currently one in four children is born in an informal relationship. All this means that in the coming years the number of divorces will show a percentage increase in relation to the number of marriages.

– The divorce rate has remained about the same for several years. And there is no indication that their numbers will increase significantly one way or another. As you can see, even the pandemic itself has changed little here. And I’m definitely not inclined recognize that we face a scourge of divorce lawsuits. One can be tempted to predict that in the future there will be even fewer of them, because marriages are contracted less and less – says lawyer Małgorzata Sokołowska.

Looking at the data from the individual district courts, it can be seen that in the analyzed period of this year. They received from nearly 150 to over a thousand divorce petitions. In the first quarter of this year, most such cases were registered at the District Court in Poznań – 1,296, Katowice – 1,035, Warsaw – 1,034, Gdańsk – 1,003 and also Kraków – 947. The Warsaw-Praga District Court of result 850.

Most divorce applications are filed in courts located in the most populated urban centers. If we add the results of the two courts located in the capital, they would be almost 2,000 in total. However, the analysis shows that Poznań ranks first among cities with the highest number of such cases. This can also be explained by the fact that these big cities are inhabited by people with uniform views who want to solve their family problems clearly and quickly. Here, the religious factors and the so-called social shame only in small towns. If a person makes sure that he knows what he needs in life and what is a source of frustration or even fear for himself and his children, he simply begins to act – lawyer Sokołowska comments.

In the first quarter of this year. the fewest divorce applications were filed with the district court in Łomża – 149, Przemyśl – 153, Tarnobrzeg – 184, Suwałki – 185, Krosno – 188 and also Tarnów – 199. As summarized by the expert of the ePsycholodzy platform .pl, the results of these courts have been influenced by the size of the cities in which they are located. The area of ​​their activity was also important. The divorce rate is visibly lower in less urbanized areas, where religiosity and attachment to tradition are strongly reflected in the decisions taken by the spouses.

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