War re-evaluates energy projects

The green transformation of the energy sector will not be stopped, it may even accelerate. The development of renewable energies is, in a way, a recipe for limiting or stopping the import of fossil fuels, including from Russia. The conditions for carrying out the investments are however not easy because, among other things, the costs of implementing the investments are increasing, and a significant increase in scale would require – at least in certain industries – also additional investments in the supply chains. supply – results of the ‘Green Energy Transformation’ debate at the 14th European Economic Congress.

  • – Our plans include increasing the installed capacity in renewable energy sources from 0.5 GW to 1.6 GW in the next three years. I think this plan is ambitious, but – in our opinion – absolutely realistic – said Paweł Szczeszek, President of Tauron Polska Energia.
  • – The potential offered by offshore wind energy in combination with power-to-x technologies, i.e. the potential to replace energy equal to around 2/3 of Russian gas imports by 2035 – said Bartosz Fedurek, Ørsted Polska.
  • – We can offer district heating as a receptacle for residual heat. The same can be done in the case of wastewater treatment plants – estimated Frédéric Faroche, president of the Veolia group in Poland.

In the EU, but also in Poland, the transformation of the energy sector towards low or zero emissions started many years ago. A separate question is who and where has it led so far… And the question now is how the energy transformation will continue after Russia’s aggression against Ukraine.

See also: Companies are starting to think about moving away from gray hydrogen

Also read: District heating was not afraid of the suspension of gas deliveries from Russia

NABE key project

Paweł Szczeszek, chairman of the board of directors of Tauron Polska Energia, said that in his company there is a need to accelerate the green return.

– We need to speed up the changes we have planned anyway. We are, in quotes, on the eve of the announcement of the new strategy of the Tauron Group, in which we will show in detail what our plans are – said Paweł Szczeszek.

He informed that the Tauron group currently has more than 0.5 GW of installed renewable energy capacity – and announced the development of RES within the group.

– Our plans include increasing the installed capacity in renewable energy sources from 0.5 GW to 1.6 GW in the next three years. I think this plan is ambitious, but – in our opinion – absolutely real – informed Paweł Szczeszek.

Highlighting the role of the distribution sector in the energy transformation, he announced an increase in investments in this segment of the Tauron Group and said that the concept of creating the National Agency for Energy Security (NABE) was of importance. capital for energy companies.

– It is a project that will give us a chance to finance with external funds those activities that we cannot afford today. Leave carbon sources (in energy groups – ed.) And the approach of financial institutions and banks will prevent us from this process – said Paweł Szczeszek.

The fate of the 200 MW coal-fired power plants, which will lose capacity market support in 2025, will be important for the transformation of the Polish energy sector.

Enea indicated that the project prepared within the group assumes that the 200 MW class units operating at the Kozienice power station after the end of their period of operation at NABE will be gradually transferred to the group, whereby their power supply can be restored, the base of the CCGT technology with partial use of the available infrastructure.

– Today, the conversion of Kozienice’s coal-fired units into gas-steam units is generally progressing at its own pace and according to the planned schedule. We have created the company Elkogaz, which will implement it – informed Lech Żak, Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors for Strategy and Development of Enea.

He said converting coal blocks to gas is “quite legally and technically complex”.

– We are implementing the program with the option that gas will be needed, system services will be needed to stabilize the operation of the system, and we hope that gas will have turbulence in terms of availability or price – said Lech Żak.

He pointed out that there are still about 40 200 MW coal-fired units in the national power system, which – after modernization increasing their flexibility, adapting to cooperation with an increasing number of renewable energy sources – “could probably still work for a while.”

Offshore in combination with power-to-x

Bartosz Fedurek, director of the Offshore Ørsted Polska project, said Russia’s aggression against Ukraine “reminds us all of how great a value security is” and how energy security remains a very important part of security and sovereignty in the broad sense.

– Is Europe energy secure? If we measure this security with sovereignty, dependence on imported energy resources, the answer is not very optimistic. Because our continent is very deeply dependent on the import of raw materials, mainly on the import of natural gas and crude oil – said Bartosz Fedurek. – Before the war, we imported about 155 billion cubic meters from Russia alone. natural gas every year. (…) Diversification, energy sovereignty in the light of events in Ukraine is clearly a European raison d’être and I think everyone sees it much better today than ever.

The opportunities to accelerate the departure of imports from the use of fossil fuels are. Bartosz Fedurek announced that Ørsted had published the Need for Speed ​​report, in which he showed the potential of offshore wind energy to accelerate the withdrawal of imported energy resources.

– The potential offered by offshore wind energy – in combination with power-to-x technologies, i.e. in combination with the production of green hydrogen and e-fuels with the use of l energy from offshore wind farms – is the potential replacement of energy equal to about 2/3 of Russian gas imports by 2035. In order to take advantage of these opportunities, you need to accelerate – said Bartosz Fedurek.

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